Former CEO (1980-2012) of National Federation of Community Development Credit Unions, a nonprofit association of minority and other low-income financial cooperatives. Trained as a Russian historian; coauthor of Five Sisters: Women Against the Tsar (A.A. Knopf, 1975; multiple republications in U.S., Mexico, Turkey). Author of Democratizing Finance: Origins of the Community Development Financial Institutions (FriesenPress, 2018). First manager of the Office of Financial Empowerment of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (2012-14). First non-African American inductee into the African American Credit Union Coalition Hall of Fame (2019).

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