Whittaker Chambers wrote the best-selling memoir Witness (1952), which recounts the Hiss Case (1948-1950) and was a National Book Award finalist for nonfiction (1953).
In 1928, he translated Bambi by Felix Salten (the translation still used today).
Chambers (1901-1961) was a writer, translator, and poet. He joined the Workers Party of America (Communist Party) in 1925. He contributed to and become an editor for the New Masses in 1931-1932. He received orders to join the Soviet underground in 1932, served as a spy, and defected in 1938. He joined TIME in 1939, rose to senior editor, and resigned in 1948 amidst the Hiss Case. In the late 1950s, he served as contributing editor to the nascent National Review. In 1984, he posthumously received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
(David Chambers served as acting executor of the Literary Estate of Whittaker Chambers, 2007-2020.)
Awards and Recognition
- 1984: Presidential Medal of Freedom (posthumously)
- 1953: National Book Award finalist for nonfiction for _Witness_
- 1952: Honorary Doctorate of Law from Mount Mary College